Forest floors in Southeast Asia are the natural habitat of tropical jewel orchids (Ludisia discolour). Plants have dark green leaves with eye-catching pinstripe patterns. White flower spikes bloom in fall, winter, and the first few weeks of spring. Jewel orchids have a maximum height and width of twelve inches.
Jewel Orchid Cultivars
There is only one species in the genus Ludisia. The following are common cultivars of jewel orchids.
“Nigrescens” Ludisia Discolour
This cultivar, also referred to as the “black jewel orchid,” has velvety, maroon-black leaves with pink pinstripes.
‘Alba’ Ludisia Discolour
This cultivated variety has vivid green leaves with intricately patterned white veins.
How to Take Care of and Grow Jewel Orchids
In most climates, growing jewel orchids outside is difficult. These general procedures should be followed when growing jewel orchids indoors.
Use the Proper Potting Mixture
Jewel orchids are terrestrial orchids, which means they grow on the ground instead of in trees, unlike most other epiphytic orchid species. Pick an orchid potting mix, perlite, and peat moss-based potting soil that drains well.
Put Your Jewel Orchid in a Spot With Dappled Light
On your jewel orchid, direct sunlight may burn the leaf tips. Jewel orchids are accustomed to living on the forest floors of tropical forests, so they do well in low light. Keep an eye on the light levels and, if you can, place your jewel orchid close to a window that faces north.
Keep the Space at a Constant Temperature
The ideal temperature for a room for jewel orchids is between seventy and eighty degrees Fahrenheit. Protect your jewel orchid from temperature changes and keep it away from air vents.
Observe the Humidity Levels
Jewel orchids are tropical plants that require high to moderate humidity all year, especially during the arid winter months. To keep your potting soil moist, think about incorporating some sphagnum moss. Put a pebble tray underneath the plant, or a humidifier close by.
Regularly Water Your Jewel Orchid
When the top inch of soil feels dry, water your jewel orchid. Root rot may occur if your orchid is overwatered.
Beware of Insects
Jewel orchids are susceptible to pests, especially mealybugs, like other species of orchids. If you spot a small infestation, lightly spray the leaves with rubbing alcohol to eliminate the bugs. Consider using a natural insecticide like neem oil for a bigger issue.
When Necessary, Repot Your Orchid
If you see roots poking through the drainage holes at the bottom of the pot, report your jewel orchid. When repotting, surround the plant’s roots with fresh potting soil and think about propagating the plant to produce more indoor plants. Repotting is typically required every two to three years.
How to Grow Jewel Orchids
Cut the stems or divide the roots while repotting your jewel orchid to produce more offspring.
Cut directly beneath a node on the stem using clean shears to perform the stem propagation technique. Put the cut stem in potting soil that drains well and water it once a week. Be aware that a proper root system may not develop on the cut stem for several weeks or months.
Root System Division
Alternately, divide the root system into two or three sections when repotting your plant. Be cautious during this process because repotting can cause a mature jewel orchid’s roots to separate easily.
I’m hoping you’ll take a chance and attempt to grow one of these lovely orchids yourself. The foliage alone qualifies it as a worthy addition to your family of houseplants, even when they are not in bloom. The soft leaves’ varied patterns and colours are reminiscent of stained glass. It is a genuine gem among plants! Various nurseries in the market also provide plant delivery online.